Which professions of the future in the age of robots and artificial intelligence?

Every era of modern history has its industrial revolution. The mechanization of textiles changed the 18th century, the electricity fairy bent over the cradle of the 19th century, information technology changed the end of the 20th century. And now the burgeoning 21st century is ushering in the era of robots.

Anticipation novels have been making their honey out of it for ages. But are we prepared to give them part of our tasks, our jobs, our lives? And let’s start worrying now: If humans continue to delegate their intelligence to machines, what will be left of them?

85% of the jobs that will be in 2030 don’t exist yet, according to a 2017 report by Dell and the Institute for the Future, a California think tank. The deadline is getting closer.

Luck wizard, cricket breeder, drone controller…

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In “What are we going to do with you? » the entrepreneur Nicolas Hazard took his pilgrim’s staff. A proponent of an “inclusive and sustainable” economy, he visited 21 professions of the future by interviewing those who will do them.

How about becoming a happiness assistant to help the screen-born generation ditch virtual reality and rediscover a taste for simple things, conversation and the smell of flowers? Unless you prefer to savage a nature deprived of the living? Or train your colleagues for their next vacation in space? The field of the augmented athlete, mounted on air cushions, opens up an immense territory. Just like aerial control of drones or breeding locusts, five of which are worth a piece of beef in protein. We’re not dreaming: tomorrow, robots will be preparing your meals, using 3D food printing…

A guide in the jungle

But for a few jobs created, how many destroyed? Do we have to fear a mass extinction of work? With this high technology advancing like a steamroller, isn’t it likely to roll workers and favor white-collar workers a little more?

Can robots take our place? (November 2018)

“The tragedy is that we are not training the right people. We are badly preparing for this great change those who are most at risk of their profession disappearing and who would have to be guided in two ways in this jungle,” warns Nicolas Hazard.

As a result of this potentially devastating observation, he founded an organization, INCO, that caters exclusively to the most vulnerable. “We train them in digital technology for 3 to 6 months without any educational level, resulting in 80 to 85% of the recruitment. Everything exists, digital training, moocs, stuff, but it’s generally for the lucky few, the ones who know how to learn and train. Many jobs will be created in the fields of digital, robotics, agriculture, ecology, health… In order for everyone to find their place and avoid social harm, it is imperative that we give those furthest from employment a head start. »

Learning at any age

More broadly, the rapid automation of certain professions is forcing you to reconsider your career and change jobs frequently. “Continuous learning is becoming the norm. The nations that will prevail will be those that have managed to adapt their workforces to the challenges. And to prepare children for autonomy from school, by teaching them how to learn. »

Paradoxically, if it can cause cold sweats – 56% of Europeans say they are concerned – this revolution should make work more humane, according to Nicolas Hazard.

Let’s take the example of a logistics warehouse with extremely arduous jobs such as forklift drivers or order pickers. From now on, the robot will do the job five to ten times faster.

“By delegating the handling to it, employees can focus on customer relations, marketing and communication… all of which the robot cannot do. We will increasingly demand our most human abilities. »

The search for meaning in work, for a balance between family and work, is a fundamental trend among younger generations. With what consequences? “The impact on the economy will be enormous, the entrepreneur predicts. We are seeing a return to the countryside, to small towns thanks to remote work, even if it means earning less by working less. Here, too, a gigantic revolution begins. »

“What shall we do with you?” “Nicolas Hazard. Flammion. 220 pages, 18 euros.

Nathalie van Praagh

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